The purpose of DNA-V is to help develop values and live with vitality. The discoverer, noticer, and advisor provide the means to engage in valued action, supporting the values that lie at the center of the model. Values can be thought of as a compass that guides people through the storms and confusing times of life and toward the things they care about.
The Valuer influences Behavioral Regulation
Developing The Valuer is the process of helping to create contexts that empower young people to clarify what brings them vitality or value and then to choose value consistent actions.
Unskilled Behavioral Regulation looks like:
Impulsive behaviors such as cutting classes, blurting out in class & spending money,
Risky sexual behavior,
Risky online behavior,
Binging and/or purging,
Drug and alcohol abuse,
Suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injurious behaviors.
Skilled Behavioral Regulation looks like:
The ability to successfully regulate one's thoughts, and behaviors in different situations.
Effectively managing stress, controlling impulses, and motivating oneself.
The capacity to take action, sustain motivation, and persevere through challenges toward an identified goal.
The Advisor influences Cognitive Regulation
The advisor represents our inner voice. It is an incredible skill that helps us humans navigate the world efficiently. In contrast to the discoverer, the advisor space is about avoiding trial and error. It involves judging, evaluating, generating rules, listening to our self-talk, and problem solving. The advisor can become a problem if we use it blindly, we can lose contact with the physical world and use worry, rumination, our own self-talk or rules even if they do not help us grow.
Unskilled at Cognitive Regulation looks like:
Extreme, polarized, or black-or-white thinking and acting,
Poor perspective taking and poor conflict resolution,
Invalidation of self and other,
Difficulty effectively influencing one's own and others’ behaviors (i.e., obtaining desired changes).
Skilled Cognitive Regulation looks like:
The ability to make constructive and respectful choices about personal behavior and social interactions based on ethical standards, safety concerns, and social norms.
Temperament toward reliably meeting commitments and fulfilling obligations of challenging roles.
Abilities to plan, strategize, and implement complex tasks along with the realistic evaluation of consequences of various actions, and a consideration of the well-being of oneself and others.
The Noticer influences Emotion Regulation
The Noticer represents a group of behaviors all humans are born with. Noticing creates the space between internal experiences (feelings and thoughts) and outward behavior, offering an opportunity to choose a behavior rather than “having to” react when difficult feelings and thoughts show up. When we don’t automatically react to our inner experience, we’re often able to better choose actions in the service of what we care about (our values).
Unskilled at Emotion Regulation looks like:
Rapid, often exaggerated changes in mood, where strong emotions or feelings (uncontrollable laughing or crying, or heightened irritability or temper) occur;
Steady negative emotional states such as depression, anger, shame, anxiety, and guilt;
Deficits in positive emotions and difficulty in controlling emotions.
Skilled Emotion Regulation looks like:
The ability to be aware of and constructively handle both positive and challenging emotions;
Experiences a range of positive and negative emotions in a safe context;
Demonstrates the skills to manage and express their emotions in effective ways;
Is able to notice the activity of his or her advisor in a given situation, and not react to it.
The Discoverer influences Self-Regulation/Relationships
The Discoverer finds new ways to be in the world. When people are in discoverer space, they’re behaving in ways that allow them to grow, learn, and expand their behavioral repertoire. Verbal behavior is often tied to the physical actions of testing and exploring.
Unskilled at Self-Regulation & Relationships looks like:
Lacking awareness of emotions, thoughts, and urges;
Poor attentional control;
Unable to reduce one’s suffering while also having difficulty feeling pleasure;
Identity confusion, sense of emptiness, and dissociation;
Unstable relationships and interpersonal conflicts;
Chronic family disturbance;
Efforts to avoid abandonment (unhealthy attachments);
Difficulties getting wants and needs met in relationships;
Difficulty maintaining one’s self-respect in relationships.
Skilled at Self-Regulation & Relationships looks like:
The ability to accurately recognize one’s own emotions, thoughts, and values and how they influence behavior.
The ability to accurately assess one’s strengths and limitations, with a well-grounded sense of confidence and optimism.
The ability to establish and maintain healthy and rewarding interpersonal relationships with diverse individuals and groups. Relating to others with acceptance, understanding, and sensitivity to their diverse perspectives and experiences. This includes the ability to collaborate and coordinate action with others.
Along with the ability to communicate clearly, listen well, cooperate with others, resist inappropriate social pressure, negotiate conflict constructively, and seek and offer help when needed.